There are many kinds of eye injuries that can occur, some more serious than others. Some may require emergency treatment and immediate care by an optician, while others can be treated at home. Follow these guidelines for common eye injuries, to decide your next move in case of an accident. Remember that general preventive precautions such as wearing safety glasses may be the smartest way to keep your eyes safe.
A corneal abrasion or scratched eye is not something to fool around with. It can cause serious damage very quickly and possibly end in blindness. Abrasions are commonly caused by a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is sand in it. Since a scratch can make your eye susceptible to bacterial infection it's very important that you contact your optometrist or an urgent care clinic. The best advice for a corneal abrasion is to cover it loosely and to see your eye doctor right away to ensure it is isn't infected. Rubbing the eye will only cause more harm and patching the eye provides the perfect environment for bacteria.
Another possible eye injury is chemical burn. It is often traumatic when your are sprayed in the eye by a potentially hazardous liquid. It's critical to know what chemical went into your eye. A chemical's basic makeup is the most significant factor. While acids can result in substantial redness and pain, they can be washed out pretty quickly. However, base or alkali substances can be more severe even though they don't appear to be because they don't result in as much initial eye pain or redness as acids.
While no one ever wants to think about an injury to the eye, it's advisable to be prepared with how to react in such emergencies. By following this guide you can rest assured that you'll know how to deal with most common eye problems. Of course, extra safety measures can help prevent this type of injuries altogether so consult with your eye care practitioner about preventative eye care options!